My biggest question now is about Cotton Mather himself. The impression that I get is that his work was immensely popular, and that his writings on witchcraft gained him considerable fame, prestige and authority, and most likely money as well. The big question, for me, is whether he meant to do this.
It doesn't sound like it makes a big difference. It sounds, in fact, like a kind of historical trivia. Still, it makes a huge difference in the relationship between Mather and the accusers. Was Mather a greedy, irresponsible sociopath who stuck the notion of witchcraft into the community's head and then exploited it for personal gain? Was he as much a part of the moral panic as everyone else? Or was he himself duped by ordinary Puritan social climbers who used him for their personal gain?
The trouble is, of course, that I may have to settle for never quite knowing. Some of the accusers confessed to deliberately making false accusations, but did all of them? More importantly, how many did so out of genuine remorse, as opposed to a simple desire to avoid social ostracism once the moral panic ended? The end result is that, whatever my thesis is, it's probably not going to point fingers at anyone. With so many accusations flying around, it wouldn't stretch credulity for at least some of the accusers to believe they were bewitched, or for Mather to fear openly opposing the trials. Ideally, I would like to pin down a thesis that would make the question of intent irrelevant except
Besides Mather's writing and the testimony of the accusers, accused and agents of the court, I'm considering adding Stephen T. Asma's On Monsters, which has a chapter on European witchcraft beliefs, to the bibliography, as well as Leonard R.N. Ashley's The Complete Book of the Devil's Disciples. The latter is not particularly useful, since it's a decidedly unscholarly work (I once used it as bathroom reading) but it contains a very useful bibliography of scholarly works on the Salem Witch Trials, none of which Ashley actually bothers to cite. A text on the Satanic Panic of the 1980's might be valuable as a link to modern times, and a book about moral panic might provide some perspective. I plan on taking Thursday and a portion of Friday to burrow through the library and get a functioning bibliography going.